Ida Josephine Cole Scott et al. to Jane Addams, June 14, 1906


Chicago June 14, 1906.

Miss Jane Addams,
Chairman, School Management Committee.

Dear Madam:

The Committee of Observation on "Limited Segregation, of the Englewood High School Parents" Club, after careful study of the plan as outlined in the School, by Prof. Armstrong, beg leave to submit the results of its investigation to your Committee.

First:- The time has been too short to sufficiently test so important an experiment.

Second:- This is the age of SPECIALIZATION in education and this plan affords an opportunity for such education as is needed by the boy and the girl but which cannot be given to mixed classes. The Limited Segregation provides opportunity for EQUAL not IDENTICAL education.

Third:- The concrete results of the work in classes as observed by the Committee show much in its favor, -- the boys' classes especially evincing spontaneity than in the mixed classes; the girls showing an appreciation of some studies not possible to boys of the same age.

Again the Committee beg leave to state that this experiment is attracting great attention all over the Country. In our own State requests are made, to have the subject presented; also for printed matter regarding it.

The Illinois Congress of Mothers have decided to print and distribute five hundred (500) copies of a pamphlet on "Limited Segregation in the High School".

Therefore, in view of these facts and the [widespread] interest, The School Management Committee is respectfully requested to extend the time for this experiment in the Englewood High School at least [page 2] through the school year ending 2 June, 1907.

Respectfully submitted
Ida J. Scott, Chairman
Fanny A. Pendry
Fannie B. Richardson
Helen M. Hefferman
Cora C. Bright
Bertha N. Hamilton, M. D.

Extract from Child Study Monthly - June 1895.

(Paper of Dr. Wm. O. Krohn)

Remedy suggested for disadvantages of adolescence life.

Dr. Bayard Holmes and others contend that there should be a separation of boys and girls during this period with teachers suitable to the sex.

"The utter ignorance of the fact of the natural superiority of girls between twelve to sixteen years, both mentally and physically; over boys of the same age -- ignorance manifested alike by parent and teacher -- is almost criminal". Dr. Krohn says: "boys and girls may remain side by side during their public school life, but should have their latent mental energies appealed to quite differently".

From Vierordt's Statistics.

(Extract from Dr. Krohn in Child Study.)

The brain of the boy increases rapidly in weight to the thirteenth year, when it weighs 1465 grams; at fourteen there is a sudden fall of this brain weight to 1300 grams. After fifteen years the brain recovers again its weight and the weight of 1500 grams is reached at sixteen years.

The average girl has the maximum of her brain weight just at the time the boy loses his, so that at the time the boy is at his [page 3] worst (as far as brain weight is an indication), the girl is at her best. It is at this age the overgrown boy frequently drops out of school and is outstripped in routine work by his fortunate sister.

Supt. Edwin P. Seaver (Boston Schools) says, he does not hesitate to state that the enforcement of identical education for boys and girls is a gigantic failure and bases this assertion upon twenty years experience of such work.

Supt. Seaver further states: "After our trial of uniform courses to study, we had to smash the whole thing and girls and boys take now studies suited to them."