Tentative Program for Discussion of the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace at the Congress after the War, June 1917

Presented by the American Section

National Problems

1. Democratic control of foreign policies through Parliaments elected by men and women; such policies to be based upon the recognition of moral obligation toward other states and the intention to advance the welfare of all peoples.

2. Proposal that only civilian delegates shall have the voting power at the Third Peace Conference at The Hague, the military delegates to have merely advisory functions. In general, members of legislative bodies, administrative officials, and [nonofficial] persons, as well as diplomats to be selected. Women not to be debarred from this Conference nor from the Permanent International Conference (which it is hoped will be provided for by the Third Peace Conference.)

3. Social, moral and political pressure by citizens on their own government for the attainment of specific measures discussed at the Congress of Women After the War.

4. All possible efforts to hasten the passing of animosities. Course in schools and colleges on positive international ethics, on the principles of world organization including the relation of tariff barriers to the realization of world peace.

5. A persistent effort to extend the principles of democracy to all the departments of the government, and especially, so far as practicable, to secure a change in the fundamental law, requiring a national plebiscite or referendum before declaration of war or of a state of war except in case of actual or imminent invasion of territory.

International Problems

I. What the Peace Settlement Conference should provide for.

1. A Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Nations.

2. That no transference of territory shall take place without the consent of its men and women, nor autonomy and a democratic government be refused to any people.

3. A Concert or League of Nations open to all States.

4. A drastic reduction of rival armies and navies, looking toward disarmament.

5. International Protection for unorganized regions, such as the African dependencies.

6. New international adjustments giving adequate outlets or establishing changes of jurisdiction in the interests of justice, peace and of economic opportunity for all nations.

7. The international control of seas and of international waterways. [page 2]

II. [What] the Third Peace Conference at The Hague should provide for. (It is hoped that this Conference will be convened at an early date after the Peace Settlement Conference.)

1. A reconstruction of international law, based on the Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Nations.

2. The Continued stability of the Permanent Court of Arbitration.

3. A World Court of Justice (in addition to the Permanent Court of Arbitration, provided for in 1899,) with jurisdiction over international disputes, not settled by negotiation, that are justiciable in character.

4. A Permanent International Council of Conciliation which shall not only examine specific cases of friction but shall study and report on exciting situations and policies leading to war and shall recommend methods that might prevent war.

5. A Permanent International Conference, meeting regularly every two or three years, which shall formulate rules of international law to govern in the decisions of the World Court.

6. A Permanent Continuation Committee of the Conference to carry out the provisions of the International Conference, to study international relationships and to prepare the programs for the International Conference.

7. Permanent International Administrative Commissions on matters of common international interest (such, for example, as the protection of unorganized regions, as referred to above, public health, waterways, immigration and emigration and protection of expatriated nationals, international finance and trade.)

III. Educational Foundations

An exposition by an international Committee of the application of the universally reorganized moral code to relationships among states and between citizens of different states. Such a code to be especially prepared for use in schools.