Addams' argues that mob violence, and particularly lynching against African Americans in the South, erodes respect for the all among all groups and accomplishes nothing positive for any community that condones it.
Addams discusses the challenges facing college women, including the habit of self-preparation, a tendency to make an exception of herself, and the danger that study without action makes a person timid and irresolute. She argues that there is a need to do and to do for others without concern for one's own reputation that makes for good Christian work.
Addams relates a story about peasants in Russia who believe that all Americans are black. It was published in several newspapers on April 16, 1905, and then also under the title of "The Yellow Kid" in an anthology of quotes from famous people.