Addams expounds upon the role of religious education in keeping youth from vice and examines the difficult standards to which young women are held. This is the third in a five-part series, which would ultimately be published as A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil later in the year.
Addams warns adults of some aspects of trade schools for boys. The speech was given at the first convention of the National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education on January 24, as part of a session entitled The Wage Earners' Benefit from Industrial Education.
Addams' lectures at the founding meeting of the National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education on November 16, 1906, at Cooper Union, commenting on the need for practical education that works in the modern world. The speech was published in January 1907.
Addams gave this speech at a public meeting held by the Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education, at Cooper Union, along with Henry Pritchett, Frank Vanderlip, Frederick Fish, Nicholas Murray Butler, Frank P. Sargent, and others. Addams' appeal, unlike the other speakers, identified with the plight of working people and argued that industrial education would better their lives.