Addams argues that even as immigration has caused congestion in cities, it has also brought cultural beauty, which Americans should embrace and enjoy. This speech was given at the National Conference of Charities and Correction in Buffalo on June 12, 1909.
Addams argues for women to have the vote in order that they may continue to perform their duties to family and to home in the modern world, where responsibilities, like feeding their children and keeping them safe, are no long directly within their control.
The published version of Addams' speech to the American Sociological Society, which argues that social interaction is the key to advancing society. In urban areas, city governments need to provide varied and organized recreations to build community.
Arguing that white slavery requires an organized movement to defeat it, Addams provides examples from cases in Chicago. This is the first in a five-part series, which would ultimately be published as A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil in 1912.