Addams discusses the benefits of suffrage and how the vote will benefit immigrant women living in tenement houses. This lecture was made before the Ethical Culture Society at New Century Hall in Philadelphia on March 14, 1908 and published later.
Addams discusses the association in the public eye between settlements and immigrants and when immigrants are involved in high profile crimes, settlements are accused of supporting anarchism. Addams defends the role of the settlement as the bridge between immigrant communities and the American public, holding that it does not change in times of crisis.
Arguing that white slavery requires an organized movement to defeat it, Addams provides examples from cases in Chicago. This is the first in a five-part series, which would ultimately be published as A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil in 1912.
The published version of Addams' speech to the American Sociological Society, which argues that social interaction is the key to advancing society. In urban areas, city governments need to provide varied and organized recreations to build community.
Addams argues for women to have the vote in order that they may continue to perform their duties to family and to home in the modern world, where responsibilities, like feeding their children and keeping them safe, are no long directly within their control.
Addams argues that even as immigration has caused congestion in cities, it has also brought cultural beauty, which Americans should embrace and enjoy. This speech was given at the National Conference of Charities and Correction in Buffalo on June 12, 1909.