Addams argues for post war relief and the establishment of the League of Nations and other international organizations to help guarantee the peace. The speech was given at the University Auditorium as part of the Farmer's Week celebration.
The Chicago branch of the Woman's Peace Party suggests that pacifists work on food conservation, child welfare, better conditions for soldiers, a defense of civil rights and plans for financing the war.
Addams critiques the prioritization of commerce over charity and describes the work of the United States Food Administration. Addams also describes her concern for food insecurity and the importance American farmers have in feeding the world. Addams gave the speech at the National Conference of Social Work on May 18, 1918.