Addams gave this speech at a public meeting held by the Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education, at Cooper Union, along with Henry Pritchett, Frank Vanderlip, Frederick Fish, Nicholas Murray Butler, Frank P. Sargent, and others. Addams' appeal, unlike the other speakers, identified with the plight of working people and argued that industrial education would better their lives.
Addams offers a counter narrative to the idea that the U.S. government should limit immigration, arguing that immigrants provide benefits to society and are deserving of protections under the law. This is the fifth article of a monthly, year-long series on economic and social reform in America and a woman's role to affect change.
Cumberson regrets being unable to attend the Peace Conference in the city but has been encouraging people to write the President about the impending war and informs Addams that her physical education bill has been met with support.
In Addams' speech before the National Conference of Charities and Correction, she forcefully argues for child labor reform as well as increased education. The speech, given on May 10 in Richmond, VA, was published in the proceedings.