Addams discusses the formation of the Progressive Party and its ideals, starting with children's needs. She notes that the party supports efforts to curb child labor, and to encourage education. This is one of a series of articles she prepared for the Central Press Association as part of the Progressive Party campaign in 1912.
A published version of Addams' lecture on March 11 at the National Child Labor Committee Conference in Birmingham, Alabama, in which she presents arguments against an exception to the 1903 Illinois Child Labor Law for child actors and offers some Tolstoyan allegory to buttress her arguments.
Addams led a contingent to oppose efforts to exclude child actors from child labor laws. She testified before the State Senate committee considering the bill, along with Will J. Davis (speaking for the bill), Mrs. Coonley-Ward, Mrs. A. T. Aldrich, Margaret Halsey, and Anna Nichols.