Addams argues for post war relief and the establishment of the League of Nations and other international organizations to help guarantee the peace. The speech was given at the University Auditorium as part of the Farmer's Week celebration.
Addams discusses the challenges pacifists face now that the United States has entered World War I, and discusses how nationalism and patriotism are used to support war. Addams gave a lecture version of this article on June 10 at the Evanston Congregational Church.
Addams discusses the goals of the Woman's Peace Party and hopes that a Conference of Neutral Nations will begin negotiations to end the war. The speech was given at the first annual meeting of the Woman's Peace Party.