Addams describes child labor and education in Chicago, especially among immigrants. This is a slightly modified version of "Child Labor and Pauperism," which had earlier appeared in the proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Correction. It is also the full version of the "Child and Pauperism" fragment.
Addams discusses how child labor laws in Illinois have impacted children's access to education and the dangers of weakening it. This is a reprint of a speech given on December 16, 1905 at the Annual Meeting of the National Child Labor Committee