Emily Balch Greene to Nathan Crary Shiverick, June 13, 1924

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June 13, 1924

Dear Sir:

Miss Jane Addams has sent me your interesting and very courteous letter of May 26th together with the brief reply which was all for which she had time at the moment. She asked me to explain her answer and I regret very much that I have not had the time to do so until today, especially as if I had done so I might have presented some of our points of view to you, previous to your address at Syracuse, reported in the papers under date of June 8th.

I send you herewith a complimentary copy of the report of our first International Congress at The Hague in 1915, where you will find a full picture of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. At that time we began our work under the name of the Women's International Committee for Permanent Peace. This was changed at our second Congress at Zurich in 1919 to its present form.

It is a long and cumbersome title but it is meant to express our connection that not peace and freedom depend on one another. Without freedom there cannot be peace. That is, oppression must be ended (by peaceful means) before true peace can be realized, and, secondly, freedom is possible only in a peaceful world. War necessarily means centralized control and Democracy as well as laws must be silent in the midst of arms.

I think I may claim that our American Contingent, led by Miss Addams and sober, earnest American women of her type very largely shaped the policies of this International body of women. English women also have contributed much to our program and work as have indeed the French, the women ↑from↓ for Holland and Scandinavia ↑&↓ (though I think in a much less degree) those of Austria and Germany. Certainly there has been no underhand or mysterious control or suggestion of policies. We have no Russian connections. [page 2]

For the rest I think the simplest way will be to let you see a copy of a statement that I am preparing. It has not yet been approved by our Committee and must be taken as my personal attempt (just as a private letter would be) to express the facts about this organization.

Faithfully yours,