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Berlin, November 1920.
I. Work in Germany.
The Red Cross in Germany has taken over two area of responsibilities. The support of the Army Medical Service during the war was entrusted to it by the Geneva Convention in 1864. In addition, the voluntary peace bringing have been running for decades. Before the more urgent requirements of the world war, this peace activity had to be temporarily withdrawn; after the end of the war, it [must] now be resumed to a greater extent given the grave misery of the German people.
[written in the right margin] Men’s Red Cross associations
The medical teams consist of volunteers who are available as litter-bearer, nurses and depot personnel, who also provide assistance in the event of accidents, such as fire and water emergencies, railroad and other accidents, epidemics and emergencies of all kinds. In the countryside, the Red Cross has taken over the ambulance service and the accident reporting centers. [page 3] The intervention of well-trained and well-disciplined associations becomes more and more important in the event of sudden emergencies and major disasters. In addition, the branches and local associations have provided valuable services in some areas of social welfare, e.g. maintaining forest recreation areas or lending barracks during epidemics.
[written in left margin] Women’s Red Cross associations
The women’s Red Cross associations have always done so much to meet the demands of nursing and to participate in all tasks and undertakings aimed at eliminating and preventing economic and moral hardship. In the face of the immense damage to health, all available resources must now be used to ensure effective implementation of care for newborns and infants, for children and the elderly, for the fight against epidemics, against tuberculosis and venereal diseases, against alcoholism and against homelessness.
[written in left margin] Nursing
Today there is no area of nursing and social welfare in peacetime in which the Sister of the Red Cross is not active. The Red Cross in Germany has a large number of professional nurses, who are trained and maintained by the Red Cross and who are at its disposal at any time. For extraordinary needs in peace and in war, this reliable, excellently [page 4] trained staff of female nurses has also formed an auxiliary corps of auxiliary nurses and helpers from the Red Cross, who are only available when needed. Currently there are 59 Red Cross motherhouses with over 7800 professional nurses. They own more than 80 hospitals and welfare institutions with about 4500 beds, where Red Cross nurses provide nursing care. In addition, on request and by agreement, they are referred to state, municipal and private institutions as well as to rural and urban communities for the purpose of care and welfare services and are also made available to families for private care. Beyond Germany, the Sister of the Red Cross has always proven to be helpful where misfortune and distress in foreign countries made international support seem necessary.
The German associations of the Red Cross are not dedicated to scientific research, they rather see it as their task to make the results of science available to the suffering human race in the course of their active work.
[written in right margin] Union
Now the great common tasks make the union of all associations carrying the Red Cross badge necessary. The men’s and women’s Red Cross organizations, which up to now have been working side by side, should, [page 5] as far as this has not yet been done, be linked to work together while maintaining their full independence. The foundation of a unified “German Red Cross” is imminent.
The “German Red Cross” is far from seeking to monopolize the entire German public welfare system under its symbol; rather, it considers harmonious cooperation and mutual active support of all aligned aspirations to be the best guarantee for the welfare of all people.
The executive position of the “German Red Cross” will use its specialized committees to deal with individual questions. For this purpose, the “Mother and Child” department has been established and the committees for social hygiene and for the training of nursing personnel are in development.
[written in left margin] International Department
The International Department has been created to deal with foreign issues, which is supported by a foreign committee. The International Department will, in continuous observation of the rapidly growing Red Cross movement in the world, endeavor to make the relations with the foreign Red Cross societies happy and fruitful and in service of the idea of helpful humanity to make use of the experience of these Red Cross members and to convey German progress abroad. [page 6] Thus, the International Department wants to emphasize the idea that the Red Cross Societies of all countries want to see themselves as unified members of the worldwide Red Cross organization, whose connection is secured by the helpful mediation of the International Committee in Geneva.
All of this work involves the reinforced resumption of the peace activities already carried out before the world war. The actual fields of activity of the war have been abandoned. The Prisoners’ Welfare Office of the Central Committee has been dismantled and has handed over its functions to the “Nansen Relief”, founded under the chairmanship of Professor Fridtjof Nansen and a delegate of the International Committee of the Red Cross with its headquarters in Berlin, as the central association for all efforts to provide assistance to prisoners of war. Of the areas of work that are directly related to the outcome of the war, refugee welfare and war-disabled welfare must continue to be carried out as a peace task.
[written in right margin] Rectification of refugee welfare
The end of the war has set new tasks before the Red Cross’ refugee welfare. The unexpected mass expulsions from former German territories created a situation that the official apparatus did not believe it could handle with the necessary speed. At the request of the government, the Red Cross made its organizations [page 7] and experience available to this new branch of refugee welfare, which was experiencing unprecedented difficulties following the end of the war. After a short period of time, it was possible to achieve in this area a work of welfare throughout the whole German Reich which met the needs of the displaced people themselves. This success was mainly due to the new and significant for the future organizational measure, which is probably to be regarded as the goal of a well-functioning welfare service: the close union of the authority of the official apparatus with the initiative and mobility of a network of welfare organizations spanning all of Germany.
[written in left margin] Department for the care of war-affected people
The war has imposed on Germany and others the obligation to provide for about 2 1/2 million surviving dependents and approximately 1 1/2 million disabled ex-servicemen. Most of these tasks will of course have to be fulfilled within the scope of the legal obligations of the Reich. In spite of Germany’s difficult financial situation, the new Reich Supply Law and other regulations strive to fulfill these tasks to the extent that financial means can be used to help the victims of the war. But it has also been recognized by the Reich that additionally the private welfare must intervene in a helping and supportive manner. It has always been within the framework of the tasks of the Red Cross to see itself as the executor of the will of the people as a whole, also with regard to [page 8] the disabled ex-servicemen and surviving dependents. Accordingly, the Central Committee has created an institution in its Department of Bathing and Residential Care that enables war-affected patients to find gainful occupation again by making use of the healing facilities of the German baths and institutions cheaply or for free and thus to become the family breadwinners again. In recent years it was able to restore health to tens of thousands of sick people.
Hand in hand with the Department of Bathing and Residential Care works the Department for the Welfare of disabled ex-servicemen and surviving dependents, which strives to fill those gaps that must still exist even with the best legal care for disabled ex-servicemen and surviving dependents With respect to the disabled ex-servicemen, it tries, with the help of the provided funds, to allow the disabled ex-servicemen to fight for their existence by granting them greater support or interest-free loans. It pursues similar aims with regard to surviving dependents and is particularly able to take care of those groups that are not adequately covered by public welfare. [page 9].
[written in right margin] Committee for Allotments
The organization of allotments under the sign of the Red Cross is under way. In a letter to the Red Cross dated June 28, 1920, the Prussian Minister for Public Welfare suggested that, considering the widespread Red Cross organizations, it should act as tenant of the allotments as much as possible. The minister justifies his request with the recognized non-profit character of the Red Cross and expects considerable general benefits from the universal cooperation of the Red Cross in the promotion of the allotment sector.
II. Working with foreign countries
In the above, an attempt has been made to outline what relates to the work within. In the following, a brief picture of the activities with foreign countries will follow, at the head of which may be placed the indelible gratitude for everything that has been supplied to the Red Cross to such a high degree from abroad in intellectual stimulation and proof of humanitarianism. The Red Cross believes that nothing can express its gratitude better than to take up all incoming suggestions and, in its turn, to engage in practical peace work from people to people in the interrelationship between giving and receiving agencies. [page 10]
If in the following an attempt is made to give a brief picture of this peace work with foreign countries, it may be disregarded that up to April 1, 1920, two different agencies were equally involved in the reception of foreign relief organizations, namely the Central Committee of the German Red Cross Associations and, on the other hand, the “German Welfare Office”, especially as far as the dispatch of children is concerned. By agreement between the President of the “German Welfare Office”, Count Brockdorff-Rantzau, and the Chairman of the Central Committee of German Red Cross Associations, Regional Director von Winterfeldt, on April 1, 1920, the German Welfare Office was united with the German Red Cross and since then no longer appears as an independent organization, but as part of the Department for Foreign Affairs of the German Red Cross. The union of the two organizations resulted from the nearly parallel work of promoting the maintenance of the international humanitarian idea.
In the foreign department of the Red Cross the threads of the “Foreign Aid Organization” run together, which was able to distribute 400 million Marks under the sign of the Red Cross to the needy until 1 October 1920.
[written in the right margin] Sweden
The first suggestion for a generous campaign of charitable gifts in support of Germany came [page 11] from the Swedish Red Cross: the suggestion is thanks to the personal initiative of the Chairman of the Swedish Red Cross, Prince Carl of Sweden. Prince Carl of Sweden, who in an exemplary manner supported all efforts to help the prisoners of war, did not, even now when the weapons had been laid down, escape the realization that the end of the war had left severe suffering in all nations.
Prince Carl of Sweden soon developed an active operation in the higher administration of the Swedish Red Cross for the benefit of all people affected by the war. The Kriegsbarnbureau was founded in Stockholm, where from now on the leading personalities took utmost care of the accommodation of German children in Swedish families. In 1920 about 4500 German children were admitted, 1000 of whom will remain in Sweden for the whole winter. At the same time, the Swedish Red Cross began large scale consignments of foodstuffs to benefit the undernourished population of Germany. The entire Swedish people gathered with great enthusiasm and devotion around the flags of their humanitarian leaders and extended a helping hand to the people in need.
In Germany, the foreign department of the German Red [page 12] Cross appears as the receiving office and for the organization of transportation of child the section “Swedish help for German children” was formed, to which a representative of the Swedish Red Cross was assigned. The reception of the charitable gifts is carried out by the “Foreign Aid Agency” section, which is responsible for handling all shipping questions and ensuring a equitable distribution of the gifts by means of a carefully prepared file, regardless of social status, religion or political party.
Later, the “Rädda Barnen” Committee was founded in Stockholm as a Swedish branch of the “Save the Children International”, which established a branch in Berlin and tries to control the suffering of child in Germany in a beneficial way through distribution of food, clothes and other things. This representation of the “Rädda Barnen” also works in the Cecilienhaus, Charlottenburg, the seat of the foreign department of the German Red Cross.
At the suggestion of an English representative in the “Rädda Barnen” Committee in Stockholm and with the agreement of the chairwoman of the “Save the Children International”, a German branch of the International Association for Children’s Aid was founded at the beginning of this year, whose business premises were merged with the department “Mother and Child” of the Central Committee of the German Red Cross Associations. The “German Head Office [page 13] of the International Association for Children’s Aid” was able to be represented at the preparatory Children’s Congress in Geneva in January of this year.
Already in the past years the “colleague assistance” established on the idea of mutual support from colleagues to colleagues worked very beneficially. At the invitation of the “Svenska Kurhaus Diakonistyrelse”, Stockholm, six transports of clergymen were sent to Sweden in 1920, namely pastors, some with their wives and children, deacons and deaconesses; in addition, students were accepted into individual Swedish families; others receive regular 14-day support with food packages. The German office for the organization of this special branch of humanitarian work is the “colleague assistance”, a separate section of the Red Cross Foreign Department.
The problem of sponsorship, which will be discussed later, has raised great sympathy in Sweden and it is to be hoped that a lively, joint activity will soon begin in this area as well.
The last major work of the Swedish Red Cross is the purchase of a German children’s home which, as an endowment of the Swedish Red Cross, offers several weeks of rest cure to malnourished children of women of officers and men who died in the war. The Swedish Parliament has [page 14] made a sum of money available to the Swedish Red Cross not only to provide this children’s home with food, but also to carry out an aid program for the various parts of the population in Germany. The practice administration of the planned children’s home will be carried out by a special Swedish committee in Berlin and the “Mother and Child” department of the Red Cross.
[written in right margin] Denmark
The Danish relief organization for German children in the form of children’s transportation began as early as 1917, when the food shortage, especially with its destructive effect on children in large cities and industrial districts, became more and more palpable. Through the mediation of the Danish clergyman in Berlin, Pastor Lindhardt, 120 children were brought to Denmark to recover in 1917. In the following years, the interest in relief work in Danish circles increased so much that in 1918 already 375 children could be accommodated, in 1919 more than 1000 children and in 1920 4300 children. The organizational office in Germany became the “Danish Aid for German Children” at the foreign department of the German Red Cross, which established its own office in Copenhagen. Danish trade unions were particularly involved in the Danish aid program. It is thanks to the extraordinary dedication and hard work of the leading Danish gentlemen that the accommodation of German children in Denmark increased from month to month. As far as the Danish trade union action is concerned, mainly children from trade union circles of Berlin, Saxony, Silesia and especially from the Ore Mountains were sent. In Berlin, a committee was founded from the members of the trade union circles, which even today carries out the practical work today in association with the department “Danish Aid for German Children” of the foreign department of the Red Cross.
The idea of “colleague assistance”, which has already been briefly touched upon above, originated in Copenhagen and was incorporated by the Red Cross in the described manner. The Danish Colleague Assistance, whose main initiative is to send charitable gifts to all countries in distress as a result of the war, has sent several wagons of food worth about 2 million Marks to Germany, with the provision for distribution to various professional association, such as teachers, doctors, lawyers, all kinds of craftsmen, merchants and others. In addition, approx. 300 individual families of various professions have been accepted by Danish colleagues to be regularly supplied with food packages.
[written in the left margin] Norway
In Norway, the work for Germany began [page 16] in the spring of 1919 with the children transportation. On the German side, the action was carried out by “Norwegian Aid for German Children”, which worked in a similar way to Danish and Swedish children’s aid. Due to the altruism of the Norwegian people, it has been possible to send large transports to Norway in the last two years. At the end of the year 1919, in addition to the children transportation, the charitable gift operation began on a large scale. The Norwegian Red Cross founded a “Famine Committee” with the representatives of the “Norwegian Agrarian Association” and “Philanthropic Committee”, which in December 1919 was able to start its practical work with the countries severely affected by the war events. The Foreign Aid Organization of the Foreign Department again acted as the German receiving office; the careful work of the leaders of the famine committee had already succeeded in a short period of time in sending considerable transports for Germany as well, which mainly benefited the Free State of Saxony, which was severely threatened by the emergency conditions. Germany cannot praise Norway’s work highly enough because it knows that the Norwegian population, in particular, lives under the severe conditions of inflation after the end of the war.
[written in right margin] Finland
In Finland, the aid program is naturally less extensive, since Finland [page 17] itself has been severely affected by the war events that have taken place on its territory. After all, food also arrived from there and it was possible to send about 75 male and female students to Finland for a three-month vacation.
[written in left margin] The Netherlands
The people of the Netherlands, led by the “Dutch Red Cross”, have also taken on in an excellent way the international humanitarian work that began on a large scale after the war. In addition to the purchase of various convalescent homes which were supplied with food, the Dutch Red Cross intervened immediately wherever it saw a possibility to provide assistance and remedied many emergencies that it uncovered through its own inspection in Germany. Even today hundreds of children in the Cecilienhaus in Charlottenburg are fed daily with cocoa and rusk from funds of the Dutch Red Cross. In addition to the Dutch Red Cross, a number of other committees work in the Netherlands, of which the following may be mentioned: the Committee Six in The Hague (a committee to help the Ruhr area) and the Committee of Mr. von Bevervoorden, which was mainly involved in managing the distress in the Erzgebirge. Recently, a committee “Help for the German kids” was founded in Amsterdam, which will [page 18] soon also begin its work. As far as sending of charitable gifts is concerned, it goes through the Foreign Relief Organization of the Red Cross, which supplies all the facilities it owns and enables the execution of the relief work in Germany.
The children transportation to the Netherlands is centralized in a “Central office for transportation of German children to the Netherlands” in Leyden. This central office has its German receiving office in Düsseldorf; it is to be hoped, however, that at some point in time the organization will be work similarly to that of the children transportation to Sweden, Norway and Denmark.
[written in right margin] England
Also, in England, soon after the conclusion of the preliminary peace, there were circles that sought to remedy the distress in Germany. It is mainly the group of Quakers; the “Emergency Committee for the Assistance of Germans, Austrians and Hungarians in Distress” united with the “War Victims Committee” and organized the entire aid program. The work was supported by the “Fight the Famine Council” and, as far as the collecting activity for the suffering children is possible, by the “Save the Children Fund”. From here, too, considerable quantities of charitable gifts have flowed into Germany since 1919. The “Save the Children Fund” [page 19] is in constant exchange of ideas with the above-mentioned “German Central Office of the International Association for Children’s Aid”, which in turn is responsible for organizing the sponsorship for England, which is discussed below.
[written in left margin] Switzerland
The material aid that has went through the hands of Professor Abderhalden in particular has taken such a variety of forms in Switzerland that it would be unjustifiable to discuss it in detail within such a limited framework. The great hospitality towards our children and the countless charitable gifts to all parts of Germany have triggered a deeply rooted feeling of gratitude. Above all, however, the moral support that has come from Switzerland again and again through the Red Cross – we only have to remind you of the patronage of the International Red Cross over all children’s aid – has created lasting monuments to the willingness to help and the spirit of international reconciliation of our Swiss neighbors.
[written in left margin] Amerika
Naturally, America has taken by far the largest material share of the international relief organization. The Central Committee of the German Red Cross Associations received a telegram dated July 18, 1919, a few days after the abolition of the War Trade Laws in the United States, from which the following may be quoted: [page 20]
“Washington, July 18, 1919. For immediate publication in Germany: With the consent of the United States government, the establishment of a national committee to support Germany, called the Central Relief Committee, is in preparation. Local committees are organized in all major cities throughout America and their members are to raise funds for distribution in Germany for the purchase of food, hospital and other items and for the maintenance of orphanages, etc.
sign. Welfare Committee.”
Within a few days after contacting the Foreign Office, the Central Committee sent the following reply:
“Received your telegram with sincere joy and gratitude. The Red Cross is happy to fully take over the work with the envisaged Relief Committee and the distribution of the gifts throughout Germany for all purposes desired by the donors, without any deduction. We delegate the committee the same powers that the former Red Cross delegate in New York had at the time. A special Honorary Committee is organized here. Send milk and cod liver oil for malnourished children as soon as possible, warm clothes, especially for women and children, food and funds for the general public, for [page 21] homeless German refugees and for convalescent homes for tubercular and malnourished children and orphans most in need.”
This affiliation with the Central Relief Committee in New York has since then carried out its work in the most fruitful way. By the end of June this year, the American relief organization of the German Red Cross had distributed food from America worth about 300 million Marks. A constant exchange of ideas takes place not only in writing, but also through personal contact. In addition to the work of the Central Relief Committee, the work of the American Quakers and Mr. Hoover’s American Relief Administration Warehouse Organization began in December 1919. While the Quakers carry out their charity by feeding children and students, Mr. Hoover organized the package process. Wherever the Quakers and Mr. Hoover’s delegates turned to the Red Cross, the Red Cross provided them with all the facilities available to them. A similar package process to that of Mr. Hoover has now been also started by the Central Relief Committee. This organization will pursue in particular the aim to help the middle class which is in dire straits and will use the mediation of the American relief organization of the German Red Cross. [page 22] In addition to the Central Relief Committee, the Quakers and the Hoover Organization, the following American organizations have helped the German Red Cross Organization from America: the church circles of the Methodists, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, the American Red Cross, the lodges, the trade unions and many committees of major American cities, especially Philadelphia (Relief Fund), Milwaukee (Charity Bazaar Association), Chicago (German-American Aid), Chicago (German Children’s Welfare Agency), New York (Relief Committee for Children of Germany), St. Louis (War Relief Bazaar Association), Cleveland (Cleveland Central Relief Committee), Boston (Boston Relief Committee), Cincinnati (Children Relief Fund for Central Europe), San Francisco (Relief Committee for the Children of Germany and Austria), Los Angeles (Southern California Relief Committee for Women and Children in Germany and Austria), Seattle, Portland, Tacoma and many more who work either independently or in cooperation with the Central Committee.
The Quarter Collection, a central organization of women of German descent in America, developed a particularly beneficial activity within the framework of the American committees. The Quarter Collection has established a distribution center in the Cecilienhaus, the home of the foreign department of the German Red Cross; [page 23] this distribution point primarily considers cases of very urgent and immediate aid. The actual distribution is based on written applications sent to the Quarter Collection distribution office. In most cases, these are letters from the needy themselves, whose ordeal often gave a shocking picture of the hardship of families and individuals.
Apart from the large number of collected charitable gifts, which were distributed by the American relief organization of the Red Cross according to charitable principles and to the exclusion of official hardships, much good could be done through other donations for specific purposes. In this way it was possible to distribute funds to several hundred welfare sisters, i.e. sisters who have a special area for caring for the poor in various large cities, which made it possible to accelerate the resolution of individual urgent emergencies. Special donations could be made to artists in need and much more. In a peculiar way, one was also able to provide the rural welfare care with funds. The chairman of a rural district received certain funds as a bonus for a certain number of accommodation facilities made available for the holiday stay of city children in the countryside, which he was obliged to allocate to the rural welfare care [page 24]. In this way, maximum number of recreational facilities for city children in the countryside was achieved and at the same time the resources of the rural welfare care were increased. It would be too far-reaching to address other similar measures of the German Red Cross’ foreign aid in this context.
However, the idea of sponsorships deserves a special mention. Following a suggestion from America, the American aid organization of the German Red Cross has organized a sponsorship plan. The sponsorships, which are carried out through German children, should primarily serve to promote the upbringing and education of the child. The godparents contribute a certain amount each year and thus take over the upbringing of their godchild or also, with an appropriate increased contribution for the years of training, the education of their godchild for the profession to which he or she wants to devote himself or herself and for which he or she is suitable.
The American aid of the German Red Cross, in collaboration with the German branch of the International Association for Children’s Aid, has taken on the task of finding godchildren for godparents and monitoring the correct use of the godparents’ money. In order to be able to serve this purpose best, the large state organizations which are able to select needy children according to the [page 25] wishes of the godparents have been called upon, namely: The Caritas Association for Catholic Germany, the Central Committee for the Inner Mission of the Evangelical Church, the Welfare Office for German Jews, the Main Committee for Workers’ Welfare and many more. The implementation of the idea of sponsorship is intended to help to eliminate the threat of growing up an inferior youth that threatens Europe and to bridge the damages caused and still being caused by years of malnutrition. The stimulating American circles have approved the measures taken by the foreign aid organization of the German Red Cross as a receiving office for the implementation of the idea of sponsorship, and this particularly beneficial branch of the relief organization has also aroused a great deal of sympathy in other countries, especially since this creates an even more intimate connection between the giver and the receiver than has already been achieved in the implementation of the charitable gifts relief organization.
[written in left margin] Miscellaneous
In addition to the above-mentioned countries, the Red Cross has also received suggestions, which it has naturally takes with great pleasure, for the implementation of humanitarian aid from other parts of the world, in particular from South America, where Argentina, Brazil and Chile are beginning to participate in the relief work in generous organizations, from South Africa and the East Indies. As far as the [page 26] distribution of charitable gifts in Germany is concerned, the Red Cross works in close cooperation with the largest German welfare organizations, of which the following should be mentioned: General German Trade Union Federation, Federation of German Women’s Associations, Federation of Blind Soldiers, Caritas Association for Catholic Germany, Central Committee for the Inner Mission of the Evangelical Church, Central Welfare Office of German Jews, Christian Trade Unions, German-Evangelical Women’s Federation, German Center for Youth Welfare, German Association for Public and Private Welfare, German Central Committee for the Fight against Tuberculosis, Evangelical Women’s Aid, Main Committee for Workers’ Welfare, Jewish Women’s Federation, Countryside Stay for City Children, Association for Children’s Aid. These organizations have joined forces with the Red Cross to form a committee that distributes under the sign of the Red Cross the gifts received by the Red Cross. The register that has been created for this purpose has already been mentioned above. The Foreign Relief Organization has at its disposal sufficient material, which is put together by it with the help of experts in a wide variety of areas, in order to be able to give immediate accurate information on the situation in Germany in case of inquiries from abroad.
With respect to the work with foreign countries [page 27], a sub-department of the Foreign Department of the Red Cross, the “Counseling Center for Foreigners”, should also be noted. The duty of this information center is to provide all foreigners in Germany who contact it with information about German institutions, laws, regulations that are of special interest to them, as well as about employment opportunities and the relevant requirements about the entry and exit travel regulations of the various countries, the state agencies responsible for them and the associations of their compatriots in Germany. It arranges accommodation for travelers and newcomers in homes, prepares entries or translations for non-linguistic people, refers them to local welfare institutions such as holiday colonies, kindergartens, hospitals and educational institutions and, if necessary, arranges support from domestic and foreign organizations. In order to carry out these tasks, it collects all material concerning directly or indirectly foreigners and is in constant cooperation with all relevant organizations. In many cities, representatives have made themselves available for cooperation.
What could be said in the context of this disquisition is only a fraction of what could be said if one wanted to describe foreign aid in its full scope.
The German Red Cross was able to note with gratitude [page 28] that in all the countries mentioned above, the governments had made the implementation of these aid organizations as easy as possible.
As prosaic as the depiction of the above description appears, the spirit of helpful human kindness that stands behind the relief organizations and flows in from all parts of the world is so powerful.
The German Red Cross confidently believes it can follow the path of joint peace work with all national organizations from the Red Cross for the benefit and rebuilding of humanity, torn apart and tortured by unspeakable suffering. [page 29]
German Red Cross
Wilmeradorferstr.: 3. 10. W. Q.
Berlinerstr.: 90. N. T. Q. W.
Hardenbergstr.-Berlinerstr.: 64. 164. P. R.
Subway: To Knie, Wilhelmplatz (Charl.)
City railway: Zoo.