Addams advocates for world peace, arguing the advantages of international arbitration over war. This is the final article of a monthly, year-long series on economic and social reform in America and a woman's role to affect change.
Nasmyth sends a reply to Wilson's recent speech explaining the need for disarmament to perpetuate national safety rather than an increase in war preparation. He offers a list of proposals to ensure peace which focus on strengthening international relations.
Addams discusses the challenges pacifists face not that the United States has joined World War I, and discusses how nationalism and patriotism are used to support war. Addams gave a lecture version of this article on June 10, at the Evanston Congregational Church.