Addams denounces the newly formed American Legion as a project that could lead the United States into war and argues for conscious efforts to spread peace. The speech was made at the Cort Theater to the Woman's Peace Party on March 5.
Addams discusses the challenges pacifists face now that the United States has entered World War I, and discusses how nationalism and patriotism are used to support war. Addams gave a lecture version of this article on June 10 at the Evanston Congregational Church.
Addams discusses the goals of the Woman's Peace Party and hopes that a Conference of Neutral Nations will begin negotiations to end the war. The speech was given at the first annual meeting of the Woman's Peace Party.