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National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies Poster

The National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), also known as the Suffragists (not to be confused with the suffragettes) was an organization of women’s suffrage societies in the United Kingdom. After housholding women over 30 recieved…

The original building of what came to be known as Hull-House was built to be a mansion by Charles Jerald Hull in 1856. Although it had originally been built in a fashionable area, by 1889, when Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr were searching for a…
Henry Street Settlement House Lirbary

Before founding the Henry Street Settlement, Lillian Wald was a nurse in New York City. At just 22 in 1893, Wald could see a desperate need by the city's poor for lessons in hygiene and proper medical care. In 1895 she solicited the help of Jacob…

The Department of Street Cleaning was created to combat Chicago's sanitation issues for the 1893 World's Fair. Ada Celeste Sweet claimed that the private contracts paid by the City to clean up the streets of Chicago were doing little more than…
Neighborhood House Kindergarten

Called the North Broadway Social Settlement until 1902, Neighborhood House was the first settlement house established in Kentucky. Located in Louisville and founded by Archibald Alexander Hill (1871-1907) in 1896, the Neighborhood House continues to…
Toynbee Hall

Samuel Barnett imagined the idea of Toynbee Hall after living for 11 years in the impoverished Whitechapel parish of London. The idea Barnett suggested in 1884 was a place that university students could live among the poor in order to aid the…
Steinway Hall (Chicago)

Steinway Hall was built in Manhattan in 1896, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, Dwight H. Perkins, Robert C. Spencer, and Myron Hunt. The building was 11 stories tall, and included offices, residences, and a theater able to seat 850. It was…
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Logo

The Houghton Mifflin Company was founded by Henry Oscar Houghton. Houghton initally worked out of Boston in various journalism and printing jobs before buying out one of Boston's premier printing buisiness in 1848, creating Bolles & Houghton. From…
Jacob A. Riis Neighborhood Settlement.Twenty-Eighth Annual Report, 1917–1918

The King's Daughters Settlement was opened in 1890—originally created to help traveling nurses inspect slums, the Settlement grew to provide classes and assistance to the poor of the surrounding neighborhood. In 1901, the organization's name…
Seal of The American Academy of Political and Social Science

Led by Edmund James, The American Academy of Political and Social Science was created in Philadelphia by a group of 22 people in December of 1889. The Annals, a bimonthly journal, was published one year after the Academy's founding; it would cover…
A Partial View of the Textile Room, Hull-House

The Hull-House Labor Museum was created with the hope that older generations of immigrants who were masters of a trade in their home country could show and teach that trade to second and third generations of immigrants. Children of original…
Kingsley House Settlement, Pittsburgh, PA

The Kingsely Association, formerly the Kingsley House, has been a staple of Pittsburgh philanthropy since 1893 when the group began to assist the poor of the city. Still in operation today, The Kingsley Association runs the Lillian Taylor Day Camp…
Proposed Home of the "Michigan Union" at Ann Arbor for the Students and Alumni of the University of Michigan.

Pond and Pond was an architectural firm founded by brothers Irving Kane Pond and Allen Bartlitt Pond in Chicago in 1885 focused on modernization. Many of the brothers' buildings were related to social services, including buildings designed for Jane…
Rockford College Summer School with Hull House, 1892

Hosted at Rockford College, Hull-House created a summer program with light classes designed to be light for the months between school. These classes were an extension of the College Extension Courses held at Hull-House. Students could pay to stay…

Founded in 1894 by Dr. Graham Taylor (1851-1938), Chicago Commons was located on N. Union Street, about a mile north of Hull-House. Taylor, an ordained minister and professor at the Chicago Theological Seminary, established the settlement as a way to…
Rockford Female Seminary

Rockford University, or Rockford Female Seminary as it was founded, was established in 1847 in Rockford, IL. The school was originally created to provide a rigorous education exclusively for female students. The Seminary granted its first bachelor…
Chicago Board of Health

Although Chicago has had a designated Board of Health since 1834, this was seen as only a temporary fix to fight the outbreak of cholera. In 1857 the Board is disbanded, seen as a luxury in the downward rate of cholera infections. The Board is…
Men looking at the United Charities thermometer posted outside their offices

Originally called the Central Relief Agency in 1894, the organization was renamed the Chicago Bureau of Charities (CBC) in 1896. In 1909, the CBC merged with the Chicago Relief and Aid Society, formed in 1850, to become the United Charities of…
New York (City) Board of Health

New York City's Board of Health was officially organized in January of 1805 to combat the growing rounds of yellow fever. The Board was called together only for cases of epidemics, but was made a permanent part of the City's government in the 1860s.…
Health, General: United States. Massachusetts. Boston. Forms for Medical Inspection

The Boston Board of Health was established in 1799 due to cholera outbreaks with Paul Revere as its president. Today, seven members of the Boston Board of Health control the Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC). The BPHC is in charge of several…
The Lazaretto

The Philadelphia Board of Health was organized in 1794 independent of the city's control after an outbreak of yellow fever. Then Mayor Matthew Clarkson formed the Board from a group of 16 concerned citizens, including Benjamin Rush, to help the city…
Mounted policeman riding a horse on a street in the Loop

The Chicago Police was formed in January of 1835, two years before Chicago was officially incorporated as a city, and included just three officers to patrol a population of about 3,200. Since that time, the force has grown to over 12,000 officers…
Macmillan & Co. logo ca. 1880

Originally from London, The Macmillan Company created an American headquarters in New York City in 1869. The branch was founded by George Edward Brett. Though sold to Simon & Schuster, it retained the Macmillan name.
Dearborn Seminary, 1902

The Dearborn Seminary was a college preparatory school for girls, founded by Zuinglius Grover in 1854. By 1900, the school had affiliated with the University of Chicago, but by 1908 the school had closed completely.
Amherst College and campus, 1860

Amherst College was founded in 1821 by Zephaniah Swift Moore, then president of Williams College, in an attempt to relocate Williams College. The College was named after the town of Amherst, MA where it was erected, which in turn was named after…
184 Eldridge Street, New York City

The University Settlement was founded in 1886 in New York City by Stanton Coit, Charles B. Stover and Carl Schurz. The Settlement was established for the growing amount of immigrants settling in New York City on the Lower East Side. Today, the…
The University of Chicago Press Building

The University of Chicago Press was established in 1890, making it one of the oldest university presses in the United States. From 1890 to 1892, the Press only functioned as a printer—it wasn't until 1892 that the Press began printing scholarly…
P. F. Pettibone

P. F. Pettibone & Co. was founded in 1894 by
Philo Foster Pettibone in Chicago, IL. The firm specialized in printing, especially blank books and stationary. The firm still operates today in McHenry, IL, still specializing in custom blank minute…
Harriet E. Vittum with Children

The Chicago Federation of Settlements was founded at Hull-House in 1894. The Federation named six directors, all prominent members of the Settlement Movement: Jane Addams, Harriet E. Vittum, Ruth Austin, Lea D. Taylor, Mrs. Beryl T. Gould, and…